Brinjal Gourd Seeds

Varieties

Surya, Swetha and Haritha (bacterial wilt resistant open pollinated v_rieties),
Neelima (bacterial wilt resistant F 1 hybrid), Pus a Purple Cluster.

Brinjal is a transplanted vegetable. Seeds are sown in the nursery and one-monthold seedlings are transplanted to the main field. For sowing the seeds, raised seedbeds of 90 to 100 em width and convenient length are prepared in open space with fertile topsoil to which well decomposed organic matter has been incorporated. .After sowing the seeds, mulch with green leaves and irrigate with a rose-can daily in the morning. Remove the mulch immediately after germination of the seeds. Restrict irrigation one week before.

Time of planting
For rainfed crop, transplant the seedlings during May-June before the onset
of’southwest monsoon. Planting can also be done during September-October for
irrigated crop.

Plant protection
For avoiding damping off of the seedlings in
the nursery, sow the seeds as thin as possi_ ble in the raised beds prepared in the
open area during summer months.
Follow mechanical removal and destruction of pest / disease affected portions for
control of fruit and shoot borer and Phomopsis fruit rot. Spray carbaryl 0.15% at an interval of 15-20 days to control fruit and shoot borer under large-scale cultivation.
Uproot plants affected by little leaf and spray insecticides for further control.
Cultivate resistant varieties like Surya, Swetha and Haritha and the hybrid Neelima in bacterial wilt prone areas.The root knot nematode can be managed by the application of Bacillus macerans or B. circulans 1.2 x 106 c

F or the control of pests, application of granules of carbofuran at the rate orO.5 kg ai/ha or phorate at the rate of 1 kg ai/ha at seeding followed by need based
application of foliar insecticides has been recommended. The application of granules is recommended only at the time of seeding.

List of Varities

Mukta Keshi (Very tasty to eat, Best choice for bharta)

> Sowing Period 1: June – July
> First Harvest: 50 – 55 Days
> Seed Quantity Per Acre: 200 – Gms
> Sowing distance between rows/ridges:60-90 c.m.
> Sowing distance between plants: 45 – 75 c.m.
> Sowing Depth: 0.5 – c.m.
> Disease Tolerance: Bacterial Wilt

Physical Features
> Colour: Dark Voilet
> Shape: Oblong
> Size: Length : 5 – 6 inches
> Width : 2.2 – 3 inches
> Weight: 150 – 200 Gms
mukta keshi brinjal

Benefits: Tasty, Always sold at premium prices in C.G. Orrisa, Bengal

Pusa Purple Cluster (Ideal variety for Kharif)

> Sowing Period 1: June – November
> First Harvest: 40 – 45 Days
> Seed Quantity Per Acre: 200 – Gms
> Sowing distance between rows/ridges: 60 – 90 c.m.
> Sowing distance between plants: 45 – 75 c.m.
> Sowing Depth: 0.5 – c.m.
> Disease Tolerance: Bacterial Wilt

Physical Features
> Colour: Violet
> Shape: Elongated
> Size: Length : 3 – 4 inches
> Width : 1 – 1.4 inches
> Weight: 40 – 60 Gms
purple cluster brinjal

Benefits: Suitable for bacterial wilt sick plot

Siligudy (Hot set, excellent shining, useful for both the seasons.)

> Sowing Period 1: June – July
> First Harvest: 50 – 56 Days
> Seed Quantity Per Acre: 200 – Gms
> Sowing distance between rows/ridges: 60 – 90 c.m.
> Sowing distance between plants: 45 – 75 c.m.
> Sowing Depth: 0.5 – c.m.
> Disease Tolerance: Tolerant to sucking pest

Physical Features
> Colour: Dark Black
> Shape: Oval to oblong
> Size: Length : Length : 4.5 – 5.2 inches
Width : 1.9 – 2.2 inches>
> Weight: 100 – 125 Gms
siligudy brinjal

Benefits: Good Keeping Quality, Can be grown as summer crop in north India