Compared with meat, poultry industry has registered significant growth. India ranks fifth in the world with annual egg production of 1.61 million tones. Poultry exports are mostly to Maldives and Oman. Indian poultry meat products have good markets in Japan, Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore.
Over all, Andhra Pradesh counts for maximum egg production. Within Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad is the city with maximum poultry and hatcheries. Besides the state of Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam, Chittoor, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and North Eastern States are the major egg contributors.
Growth promotional activities
Both poultry egg processing units have come in a very big way in the country. Karnataka’s egg production accounts for 2.5 million eggs / day to 7.5 million eggs, that in Punjab expanded from 5.0 million 15.0 million eggs per day in the past two years. Tamil Nadu was producing 8.0 million eggs / day while Maharashtra 6.0m, Rajasthan 1.5m, Gujarat 2.5m, Madhya Pradesh 4.5m and Orissa 1.5m eggs per day. Egg output in the northeastern states is estimated at 1.5m.
Both public and private sector organizations have their contribution in the poultry industry that has made India among the top players. There are about 15 pure line and grand parent franchise projects in India. There are 115 layer and 280 broiler hatcheries producing 1.3 million layer parents and 280 million broiler parents. They in turn supply 95 million hybrid layer and 275 million broilers, day- old chick. Presently there are only five egg powder plants in India which is considered insufficient in view of growing export demand for different kind of powder – whole egg, yolk and albumen. The scope of foreign investment and state-of-the-art technology in this field is therefore tremendous.